Masters of Special Education with Academic Instruction Certification
Positive Behavior Support - Topic 4
What is it?
Positive Behavior Support (PBS) is an application of applied behavior principles. It is designed to decrease problem behavior and increase appropriate behavior by manipulating environmental events such as antecedents and consequences. PBS has combined assessment and instructional strategies to prevent the occurrence of problem behavior. The strategies such as shaping, fading, and chaining are included in student’s behavior plan. Prior to determining intervention strategies, students who need PBS plan are identified through functional behavior assessment procedures. Some methods of measurement encompass teacher and parent self-reports (using behavioral checklist), observation, and functional analysis. Based on the function of the behavior, positive behavior strategies that will help student decrease inappropriate behaviors can be identified (Alberto & Troutman, 2009).
Why is it important?
The occurrence of problem behavior prevents students from learning and results in limited instructional time for students who engage in problem behavior. Moreover, environment will not be safe for other students who receive education. To ensure safety for all students, PBS applies principles of behavior to improve the lives of individual students. Because PBS identifies why student engages in problem behavior and under what conditions problem behavior is occurred it can alter conditions to improve students’ appropriate behavior and reduce problem behavior (Alberto & Troutman, 2009).
Alberto, P.A. & Troutman, A.C. (2009). Providing for Generalization of Behavior Change. In Applied
Behavior Analysis for Teachers (pp. 341-365). Upper Saddle River: New Jersey.